Vermont college tuition increases outpace household income growth

first_imgby Alicia Freese March 25, 2013 vtdigger.org During the last five years, tuition and fee costs at public universities and colleges have risen at a more rapid pace than household income throughout New England, and in Vermont, these costs make up a larger portion of income than they do in any other New England state.A New England Board of Education (NEBHE) study, released in February, examines tuition growth at public colleges and universities across New England, and it compares that growth to changes in median household income.Monnica Chan, policy director at NEBHE and author of the study, observes, ‘ average tuition and fee rates across the region still rose substantially over the past five years at two- and four-year institutions. Median household income, however, stagnated during this time, resulting in larger shares of income being required to pay full tuition and fee rates than previous years.’For Vermont’ s in-state students, the cost of tuition and fees for one year at a four-year school represents 21 percent of the median household income. At a two-year college, these costs represent 10 percent. That’ s roughly a four percent increase since 2007.In New England, the average proportion of tuition to income is 15 percent for four-year institutions and 7 percent for two-year institutions.Since 2007, Vermont’ s public four-year institutions also saw the highest average increase in out-of-state tuition and fee rates among all New England states. The state saw an average increase of 33 percent, whereas the New England average was 27 percent.Vermont’ s in-state rate increase was more modest ‘ it went up 33 percent, while the average increase across New England was 37 percent. The average in-state tuition and fee rate for the 2012-13 school year was $11,380 in Vermont, whereas the national average was only $8,056.Over the last five years, Vermont has stayed in the middle of the pack in terms of tuition increases at its two-year institutions. Both in-state and out-of-state rates have increased by 24 percent since 2007. But during the 2012-13 school year, Vermont had the highest in-state tuition rate increase for two-year institutions and the second highest (to New Hampshire) for four-year institutions in New England.Daniel Smith, communications director for VSC, said that during the same five-year period the study looks at, ‘ our overall gift and grant aid capacity has gone up 47 percent from $26 million in 2007-2008 to $39 million in 2011-2012.’ This includes both federal financial aid and scholarships and grants provided by the colleges themselves.UVM and Vermont State Colleges (VSC) officials are quick to point out that the study does not take into account financial aid or scholarship packages, which can mitigate cost hikes for qualifying students.Net tuition at the Vermont State Colleges has grown despite this, Smith explains, because total student enrollment has risen as well, which means financial aid dollars are split among a larger number of students. Enrollment has grown by about 10 percent since 2007, according to Smith. Vermont State Colleges includes Lyndon, Castleton and Johnson state colleges, Vermont Technical College and Community College of Vermont.Smith says public higher education institutions are subject to the same trends ‘ most notably, rising health-care costs ‘ that are driving up costs ‘ in just about every institution in the country.’ The ‘ chief difference,’ Smith says, is that the state appropriations to public colleges are more meager in Vermont than they are in most other states.‘ We are providing a high quality product but we really need the state to be a partner in ensuring that it is broadly accessible to Vermont students,’ Smith said.Richard Cate, vice president for finance at UVM, described tuition rate setting as ‘ a balancing act between the increased costs of operating the institution and a market analysis in terms of price sensitivity. You’ re trying to figure out how to provide good educational value for students without increasing the price to the point it becomes unaffordable for them.’Due to its small state appropriation, UVM is ‘ extraordinarily reliant’ on tuition as a source of revenue, Cate said. According to Cate, financial aid is driving up tuition costs at UVM, and almost all of the money garnered from the 2.9 percent tuition increase forecast for next year will go towards meeting this need. ‘ The increase is going to generate almost no new net revenue.’Financial aid packages at UVM are ‘ generally quite generous,’ according to Cate, but, he added, it’ s hard to draw comparisons across institutions because schools are often loath to disclose this information. Salary increases and health-care costs are also driving up the cost of tuition, though Cate says UVM has worked hard to keep the former in check during the last several years.UVM and CCV have kept tuition hikes for in-state and out-of-state students comparatively lower than the other Vermont State Colleges ‘ since 2007, UVM’ s in-state tuition has risen 27 percent and CCV tuition increased 24 percent, whereas tuition rates at the other Vermont State Colleges have increased between 34 and 36 percent points.last_img read more

Disclosure action ‘must address lack of remuneration’

first_imgThe legal profession’s representative bodies have cautiously welcomed the attorney general’s review of disclosure in the criminal justice system.Attorney general Geoffrey Cox QC MP pledged to hold criminal justice chiefs to account if they fail to follow up on the recommendations made in his 78-page review of the efficiency and effectiveness of disclosure, which was published yesterday.The Law Society welcomed the review’s recommendation of a mandatory requirement on the Crown Prosecution Service to provide defence practitioners with full contact details as early as possible where a not guilty plea is expected. Christina Blacklaws, Society president, said: ‘Greater compliance with the duty of disclosure much earlier in the process is key and we support the review’s call for this to be supported by better training and methods, and appropriate use of technology.’Chancery Lane says the lack of remuneration for reviewing unused material and pages of prosecution evidence must be addressed.Blacklaws said: ‘The review acknowledges the current fee structure for police station attendance is not designed for a large amount of pre-charge work by the defence. Fair pay underpins a fair justice system so we welcome the attorney general’s suggestion that the Ministry of Justice should review how such work is remunerated if a more formal pre-charge engagement model is created, as well as the recommendation for the Criminal Justice Board to commission a working group to review legal aid payments.’Although the review recognises that changes must be made to the criminal legal aid fee scheme to ensure effective early engagement and preparation, the Bar Council says this will require the CPS to be funded properly and highlights the absence of any such recommendation.Bar Council chair Andrew Walker QC said he and his colleagues will continue to ‘press hard’ for the urgent introduction of a proper fee scheme for reviewing material: ‘But recommendations about fee changes will amount to little without a commitment from the Treasury ensure adequate funding for our criminal justice system.’last_img read more

Del Potro blocks Federer-Nadal face-off

first_img[av_textblock size=’18’ font_color=” color=”]NEW YORK – Juan Martin del Potro sensationally gatecrashed the US Open again on Wednesday, stunning five-champion Roger Federer and shattering hopes of a first New York showdown between the Swiss legend and Rafael Nadal.The Argentine giant, who won his only Grand Slam title in the city in 2009 by beating Federer in the final after seeing off Nadal in the semis, triumphed 7-5, 3-6, 7-6 (10/8), 6-4 in front of a spellbound Arthur Ashe Stadium crowd.The 28-year-old will once again face world No. 1 Nadal in the semifinals on Friday, a stunning achievement for a man who had saved two match points to beat sixth seed Dominic Thiem in the last 16.Nadal, who will keep his world No. 1 status following third seed Federer’s exit, had earlier defeated Russian teenager Andrey Rublev 6-1, 6-2, 6-2 in just 97 minutes.It will be a sixth US Open semifinal for Nadal and 26th at the majors while del Potro, the 24th seed, will be playing in just his fourth last-four match at the Slams.For 36-year-old Federer, it was a first Slam loss of 2017 after he had captured the Australian Open and Wimbledon titles to take his career tally to 19.“I served really good. I hit my forehand as hard as I could and I played a great match. I deserved to win,” said del Potro who will be in his first Slam semifinal since Wimbledon in 2013.“This feels like my home court. I played Rafa here in 2009 too. Hopefully I can get the same result on Friday.”Del Potro, whose career was almost ended last year after undergoing four wrist surgeries, wrapped up the first set thanks to a break in the 11th game secured with a blistering crosscourt pass.Federer, who had a 16-5 winning record over del Potro ahead of the quarterfinal, leveled the tie after breaking for a 3-1 lead in the second.However, the match turned in the third set tiebreak when del Potro saved four set points before a weary and error-riddled Federer dropped serve again to trail 3-2 in the fourth.Victory was del Potro’s eight minutes short of three hours with a deep forehand as Federer was left to survey the wreckage of 41 unforced errors.“It’s hard to explain, I didn’t play that badly,” said Federer. “I just ran into a guy who was better on the bigger points. I don’t deserve to still be in the tournament.”Nadal will take an 8-5 record over del Potro into the semifinal where the winner will face either Kevin Anderson or Pablo Carreno Busta for the title.“Juan Martin is a top player. When he’s playing well, it’s difficult to stop him. Probably the forehand is maybe the fastest on the tour,” said Nadal, who is chasing his second major of the year to add to his French Open.Rublev, bidding to be the youngest man in 17 years to reach the semifinals, had no complaints over his loss to Nadal.“He gave me a lesson: 1, 2, and 2,” said the Russian, who lost 16 of the last 19 points of the opening set and finished with 43 unforced errors. (AFP)[/av_textblock][/av_one_full] Juan Martin del Potro celebrates his 2017 US Open quarterfinal victory over Roger Federer in New York on Sept. 6. AFP [av_one_full first min_height=” vertical_alignment=” space=” custom_margin=” margin=’0px’ padding=’0px’ border=” border_color=” radius=’0px’ background_color=” src=” background_position=’top left’ background_repeat=’no-repeat’ animation=”][av_heading heading=’Del Potro blocks Federer-Nadal face-off’ tag=’h3′ style=’blockquote modern-quote’ size=’30’ subheading_active=’subheading_below’ subheading_size=’15’ padding=’10’ color=” custom_font=”][/av_heading][av_textblock size=” font_color=” color=”]Friday, September 8, 2017[/av_textblock][av_image src=’http://www.panaynews.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/sports-del-potro.jpg’ attachment=’116760′ attachment_size=’full’ align=’center’ styling=” hover=” link=” target=” caption=” font_size=” appearance=” overlay_opacity=’0.4′ overlay_color=’#000000′ overlay_text_color=’#ffffff’ animation=’no-animation’][/av_image]last_img read more

India Bikin Jembatan Kereta Api Tertinggi (Lagi), Tapi Bukan Tertinggi di Dunia

first_imgIlustrasi jembatan di Manipur (The Financial Express) Setelah Chenab, India kembali membuat jembatan kereta api tertinggi dan digadang-gadang akan selesai pada 2020 di Manipur. Jalur kereta tersebut nantinya akan melayani Jiribam menuju Imphal di Manipur. Pembangunan ini sendiri diumumkan oleh Chief Engineer proyek Sai Baba Ankala.Baca juga: Chenab, Jadi Kondang Karena Ada Jembatan Kereta Tertinggi di DuniaKabarPenumpang.com melansir dari laman thehansindia.com (25/9/2018), Ankala mengatakan, bahwa proyek tersebut didapatkan pada tahun 2008 lalu. Dimana proyek ini kemudian dinyatakan sebagai Proyek Nasional dengan biaya Rs13.809 crore atau sekitar Rp2,8 miliar. Ankala juga menginformasikan bahwa tiga IIT yakni Kanpur, Roorkee dan Guwahati juga ikut terlibat dalam proyek Kereta Api India yang ambisius tersebut dengan mendukung teknis dan pemeriksaan bukti desain untuk membuat jembatan tersebut. Dia menejelaskan bahwa penyelarasan jalur kereta api Jiribam-Imphal sepanjang 111 km akan melewati perbukitan yang curam di wilayah Patkai.Jalur ini juga akan melintasi sejumlah ngarai dalam dan beberapa sungai yang mengalir di dataran rendah. Karena pembangunan jembatan kereta ambisius ini mau tidak mau juga harus dibangun 52 terowongan dan 149 jembatan serta melintasi sepuluh stasiun untuk mempertahankan gradien yang cocok untuk layanan kereta api dengan operasi efisien.Ankala menyoroti sebagai bagian dari proyek tersebut, mereka akan membangun jembatan khusus dengan pilar dengan ketinggian 141 meter dan menjadi yang tertinggi di dunia dari sudut pandang ketinggian pilar. “Jembatan ini juga terletak di zona seismik-v dan dalam pandangan ini kami mengambil semua tindakan pencegahan terutama spektrum desain khusus lokasi telah dikembangkan untuk memastikan stabilitas jembatan jangka panjang.”Dia mengatakan jalur kereta api dan jembatan sedang dibangun meskipun beberapa ancaman dari militan yang beroperasi di daerah tersebut. Pengawasan jembatan melalui CCTV, kamera drone dan pemantauan jarak jauh oleh beberapa sensor juga dipertimbangkan untuk menjamin keamanan, tambahnya.Baca juga: Cisomang, Serba-Serbi Jembatan Kereta Tertinggi di IndonesiaAnkala menyebutkan bahwa pemerintah India memperlakukan proyek ini secara strategis untuk memperkuat perdagangan dengan negara-negara ASEAN dan membantu operasi militer dan pengembangan pariwisata. Dia menyarankan para siswa bahwa teknik jembatan adalah subjek yang menantang jika benar-benar memahami aspek terkait. Dia juga mengundang mahasiswa teknik sipil untuk mengambil bagian proyek yang sedang berlangsung untuk laporan proyek mereka.Untuk diketahui, jembatan yang akan ada di Manipur ini bukanlah yang tertinggi di dunia, melainkan jembatan Chenab yang juga berada di India dengan menghubungkan wilayah Jammu dan Kashmir. Jembatan Chenab sendiri memiliki ketinggian 359 meter ini, di klaim lebih tinggi 25 meter dibanding menara Eiffel di Paris, Perancis.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Like this:Like Loading… RelatedChenab, Jadi Kondang Karena Ada Jembatan Kereta Tertinggi di Dunia14/03/2017In “Darat”Jembatan Kereta Bukit Duri, Klasik Dan Terlupakan02/04/2018In “Darat”The Causey Arch, Jembatan Kereta Tertua yang Kini Masih Bisa Dilihat Keberadaanya22/03/2018In “Darat”last_img read more