Share Email Share on Facebook LinkedIn Share on Twitter When Esseily and her colleagues studied their data, they found that the children who laughed at the antics of the adults were able to repeat the action themselves more successfully than those who didn’t laugh, as well as those who were included in the ‘humorless’ control group.Why laughter seems to be related to the toddlers’ ability to learn isn’t entirely clear, but Esseily and her team put forward two possible explanations. The first relates to temperament. “In this case, it is not humor per se that may have facilitated learning,” the authors suggest, “but [that] temperamentally ‘smiley’ babies were more likely to engage with the environment and therefore to attempt and succeed at the task.” It could also be the case that ‘laughing babies’ might have higher social skills or cognitive capacities, allowing them to interact more easily with others and making them more amenable to mimicking the actions of others.The second explanation the authors put forward relates to brain chemistry. It is well known that positive emotions, like laughter or engaging well with an experimenter, can increase dopamine levels in the brain, which in turn has a positive effect on learning. “Thus, the effect observed here might be a general effect due to positive emotion and not to humor or laughter per se,” they note.More research needs to be done into the effect of humor on learning, of course, but parents about to embark on the un-funny business of toilet training might want to keep laughing – no matter what. Pinterest We all know that laughter is the best medicine, but a team of French scientists has discovered that using humor also appears to help toddlers learn new tasks, reports a new study in the journal Cognition and Emotion.Building on the knowledge that making older children laugh can enhance many aspects of cognition, Rana Esseily and her colleagues designed an experiment to see whether using humor could also have an effect on the ability of infants to learn.Each of the 18-month-olds selected to participate in the final part of the study observed an adult using a tool to grab an out-of-reach toy. In one group the adult simply played with the toy after retrieving it; but in the other group, the adult threw the toy immediately on the floor, which made half the children in that group laugh.
SBB is to test concrete sleepers with a rubber base as it undertakes track renewals between Pratteln and Kaiseraugst. The trial of the sleepers is taking place alongside routine track replacement on the line, with 130 m of rubber-based concrete sleepers due to be laid. SBB hopes that the sleepers, which can be laid conventionally by track machines, will dramatically reduce noise and vibration. The tracklaying was due to have been completed last month, and SBB will assess the results of the sleeper trial in the summer of 2007. SBB is investing around SFr700 000 in the project.SBB, Switzerland
Kristee Wheeler (Photo by Ron Besser) Argonaut Softball Competition Heats Up This Weekend PENSACOLA, Fla. — West Florida softball enters the second round of GSC competition this weekend, beginning with newly selected No. 1 UAH on Friday, followed by a matchup with North Alabama on Saturday. A rain out forced a change in schedule for a series with No. 7 Valdosta that is now set for Tuesday, April 14th. UWF enters the weekend 35-9, 10-5 in GSC play after a 5-2 weekend with GSC West teams. The Argos round out the GSC East top three, and are currently holding up the No. 4 spot in South Region rankings. Senior pitcher Emily Burge (Pace, Fla./Pace HS) broke UWF’s career strikeout record in her win over Christian Brothers, now with 685 strikeouts in her four years. Junior Jillian Lafrance (Calgary, Alberta/Charleston Southern) improved to 20-3 after the weekend, continuing to the lead the GSC in wins.The two combine for a ERA of 1.54 that ranks 15th in NCAA Division II charts, as Lafrance’s 1.06 puts her 20th among DII pitchers. Burge sits at No. 25 in NCAA ranks, averaging 8.4 strikeouts per game. The two hold their opponents at .210, while West Florida averages a .290 as a team. The offense is led by junior Shannon Miles with a .377 on 46 hits this season. Friday’s double header with GSC East rival No. 1 UAH serves as their second meeting of the season after the Lady Chargers swept the Argos on the road in early conference play. The Lady Chargers outscored their opponents 59-2 in Decatur last weekend, led by GSC East Player of the Week Beth Lawson who went 11-for-17. UAH leads the league with a 1.17 team ERA, holding their opponents to a .202 on the season. Alabama-Huntsville leads the conference at 14-1, with a 35-2 mark on the season entering this weekend’s competition. West Florida will take on North Alabama in a double header on Saturday that will serve as the Argos’ Senior Day. The seniors will be honored between games Saturday afternoon, as first pitch of the afternoon is slated for 1pm. UNA enters the weekend 5-12 in GSC play, 19-21 on the season, and serves as UAH’s only GSC blemish. The Argos took two 2-1 victories from the Lions in Florence on their March 15th meeting. UNA has dropped 12 one-run decisions this season, and are coming off a 3-4 weekend at the Crossover. The Argos face more tough competition on Tuesday in their first series with seventh-ranked Valdosta State. The Lady Blazers are top-heavy offensively, leading the GSC in nearly every category at the plate including a .395 team batting average that ranks second in the nation. VSU’s Brittani Collis boasted 16.2 scoreless frames in last week’s GSC Crossover, and is the reigning GSC East Pitcher of the Week. Andi Braswell is at the top of the VSU charts with a .514 at the plate. Fans can follow all the action through live stats and live broadcast. Friday’s games are set for a 3pm start, as Saturday’s action begins at 1pm. Tuesday’s double header will take place at 2pm before the Argonauts hit the road next weekend. Print Friendly Version Share
Embed from Getty Images Pedro has undergone surgery after suffering a dislocated shoulder during the FA Cup final.He was stretchered off near the end of Chelsea’s defeat against Arsenal at Wembley on Saturday. It was the 33-year-old’s final appearance for the Blues.AdChoices广告Pedro, who has been at Stamford Bridge for five years, is moving on now his contract has ended and has agreed a move to Italian side Roma.“The surgery went well, I will be back soon,” Pedro wrote on Instagram.“It was a pity not to win the FA Cup. Thank you all for your support.”