The newly launched Investor Protection Clinic wants to hear from investors who believe that their funds have been mishandled and who cannot afford a lawyer to help them sort out the problem. The clinic issued an invitation on Thursday to “investors who believe that their funds have been mishandled and who cannot afford a lawyer” to seek help with their problems. U.S. groups aim to blaze trail to T+1 settlement cycle Ontario task force looks to boost industry competition Keywords Investor protection The clinic is staffed by Osgoode students who are paired with supervising lawyers from business law firms in Ontario. The student-lawyer teams provide free legal advice to qualifying investors on a range of issues. The clinic was founded by the Canadian Foundation for Advancement of Investor Rights (FAIR Canada) and Osgoode Hall Law School with funding from the Law Foundation of Ontario Access to Justice Fund. Its creation was announced in September. “We’d like to hear from investors who believe they have suffered an investment loss as a result of someone else’s wrongdoing,” says Poonam Puri, professor at Osgoode and director of the clinic, in a statement. Common issues that the clinic may be able to help with include churning, undisclosed fees, and advisors misrepresenting investment risk. The clinic may help wronged investors navigate the legal/regulatory system, help them with complaints, and may represent them at a hearing. “Institutional investors can take care of themselves for the most part. But most people are not going to have the funds to hire a lawyer when things go wrong with their investments, and a regulator like the Ontario Securities Commission can’t help everybody,” adds Puri. Marian Passmore, director of policy and COO at FAIR Canada, says the clinic, “will help Ontarians navigate a very complicated area involving securities, banking and insurance products and the firms who sell them. Average investors who have experienced some sort of loss of their investments in some way, and often don’t know where to start when that happens to them. Share this article and your comments with peers on social media Biden’s pick for SEC flags trading-app gimmicks for scrutiny Related news James Langton Facebook LinkedIn Twitter
Advertisements RelatedDirector of Heart Academy Gives Full Support for Green House Farming RelatedDirector of Heart Academy Gives Full Support for Green House Farming RelatedDirector of Heart Academy Gives Full Support for Green House Farming Director of Heart Academy Gives Full Support for Green House Farming UncategorizedJuly 20, 2008 FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail Director of the Ebony Park HEART Academy in Clarendon, Dermon Spence, has pledged his full support and that of the institution, to the promotion of protected agriculture technology (green house farming).“Our contribution is solid. We are prepared to train persons to take on this new and exciting venture in addressing our ability to produce under varying conditions,” Mr. Spence said.He was speaking at the official launch of the Modified Environment Training Programme, on the grounds of the academy, recently.The programme has been instituted in response to the Government’s current mandate to transform the agricultural landscape to one of greater efficiency, in order to increase productivity within the sector. It involves the training of individuals in the successful implementation, use and management of protected agriculture technology.Mr. Spence said that no effort should be spared to sufficiently prepare the people to deal with the factors which negatively impact the country’s food security.“We have a cycle, which is well known, of ups and downs in our commodity supply and this does not augur well for food security and distribution, and to reduce cost fluctuation. The ability to feed itself is the single most important factor a country should have control over,” he stressed.The Government, in recognition of the increased frequency of unfavourable weather conditions over the past five years, and the resulting implications for the country’s food security, is seeking to implement the measures necessary to effectively address the issue.Chief among these is the promotion of protected agriculture technology, more commonly known as greenhouse farming.Greenhouse farming is done under controlled conditions, in an area enclosed by plastic or other material. The covering provides protection against hail, wind, rain, sun and other environmental factors. Greater protection is also provided against pests, which are generally found in the soil.The Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA) has reported that farms with this technology can yield up to 10 times more than regular farming, even while less input is required.Ebony Park HEART Academy is the main institution within the HEART Trust/NTA for agricultural training in Jamaica. It has approximately 500 acres of land, most of which are used for cultivation.The Director said persons at the institution are excited by the prospects of new ventures, and are willing to collaborate with all stakeholders, in a move to ensure greater food security for the country.He also informed that Ebony Park is in the process of setting up a $12 million facility, which would support research in pig production. Additionally, the facility is embarking on an agro-eco tourism project, which will facilitate trail riding and recreational fishing, among other things.
Published: May 21, 2013 What do 1992, 1987, 1982 and 1977 have in common? These years were the starting points of University of Colorado careers that have lasted between 20 and 35 years, and were recognized at the annual Staff Council “Years of Service” appreciation event.Chancellor DiStefano opened the event by expressing his deep appreciation for the staff being acknowledged and for the vital role that staff plays in the everyday operations of the university. Staff Council Vice-Chair Philip Bradley emceed the event, sharing historical tidbits about the milestone years and reading the honorees’ names.Staff Council has hosted this reception for the campus since 1977, honoring recent retirees and staff who have reached significant employment milestones. 118 staff reached the 20, 25, 30 and 35 years of service marks, including six staff members reaching 35 years of commitment to the university.The 55 staff who retired in 2012 came back to share stories of trips, adventures and life without alarm clocks. In attendance were almost two hundred colleagues, family members, friends and honorees celebrating careers dedicated to making CU-Boulder a great place to learn and work.See the full list of 2012 honorees, and join us in congratulating our colleagues on their commitment and service to CU-Boulder.Pictures taken at the event will be sent to the recipients, and some will be posted on the Staff Council website.You do not have to be a member of Staff Council to serve on any of our many committees. For more information or to contact us, visit www.colorado.edu/staffcouncil Share Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail Images courtesy of Boulder Campus Staff Council. Pictured, Toni Smollen of IBG and Laura Border, Graduate Teacher Program. Each have 35 years of service to the institution.
RelatedEducators Challenged to Change Approach to Teaching RelatedEducators Urged to Remain Alert for Signs of Child Abuse Story HighlightsEducation Minister Ronald Thwaites is appealing to parents to be on the alert for symptoms in their children. The Education Minister has called on parents to take their child to a medical facility if he or she is showing signs of illness from Chikungunya, dengue fever or flu. Xavier Miller, grade-two student at Mona Heights Primary, passed away on Tuesday while being transported from home to the Bustamante Hospital for Children. Education Minister Calls on Parents to Be on Alert for Sick ChildrenJIS News | Presented by: PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQualityundefinedSpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreenPlay RelatedEarly Childhood Teachers Honoured FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail Photo: JIS PhotographerMinister of Education, the Hon. Rev. Ronald Thwaites. Education Minister Calls on Parents to Be on Alert for Sick Children EducationOctober 3, 2014Written by: Byron Buckley, Director, Corporate Communication In the wake of the recent deaths of two students, reportedly, as a result of complications brought on by the Chikungunya virus, Education Minister Ronald Thwaites is appealing to parents to be on the alert for symptoms in their children.The Education Minister has called on parents to pay keen attention to information provided by the Ministry of Health, and to take their child to a medical facility if he or she is showing signs of illness from Chikungunya, dengue fever or flu.Xavier Miller, grade-two student at Mona Heights Primary, passed away on Tuesday while being transported from home to the Bustamante Hospital for Children.Fourteen-year-old Azee Baker of St Jago High also died at the Spanish Town Hospital from complications triggered by the mosquito-borne virus.Minister Thwaites has expressed condolences to the grieving relatives and school communities. He said the Ministry’s trauma response team is available to offer the necessary counselling and support. Advertisements
FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail Story HighlightsDirector General of the Planning Institute of Jamaica (PIOJ), Colin Bullock, says the agency fully supports the process of labour market reform, describing it as essential to ensure sustainable economic growth and social development in Jamaica.Noting that over the last 40 years, Jamaica has not fully realized its economic potential, Mr. Bullock said this is partly attributable to under-utilization and under-development of labour resources.The Director General reminded forum participants that aspects of the reform process have already been implemented, most notable being flexi-work arrangements legislated in Parliament, recently. PIOJ Fully Supports Labour Market Reform Finance & Public ServiceDecember 15, 2014Written by: Douglas Mcintosh Advertisements RelatedOutgoing PSOJ Head Lauded for Contribution RelatedFinance Minister Says Gaming Industry Must Be Regulated Director General of the Planning Institute of Jamaica (PIOJ), Colin Bullock, says the agency fully supports the process of labour market reform, describing it as essential to ensure sustainable economic growth and social development in Jamaica.He also argued that the process is consistent with the Vision 2030 Jamaica goal of underscoring the empowerment of persons, thereby enabling them to attain their fullest potential.The Director General was addressing the PIOJ’s recent labour market reform forum at the Jamaica Conference Centre, downtown Kingston.Noting that over the last 40 years, Jamaica has not fully realized its economic potential, Mr. Bullock said this is partly attributable to under-utilization and under-development of labour resources.“In other words, if we have people (who) are undertrained, have low levels of human development, low skill training (coupled with) high levels of unemployment (particularly) among youth, then we are underutilizing our resources, and our capacity to attain the (goals) of 2030 are effectively being undermined. So, we see labour market development and labour market utilization as being essential to the attainment of the entire Vision 2030 (goals),” he argued.Vision 2030 Jamaica is the country’s first long-term national development plan, which aims at enabling Jamaica to achieve developed country status by 2030. It is based on a comprehensive vision: ‘Jamaica, the place of choice to live, work, raise families and do business’.The Director General reminded forum participants that aspects of the reform process have already been implemented, most notable being flexi-work arrangements legislated in Parliament, recently.He informing of the “imminent” launch of the Labour Market Reform Commission, which he said is “designed” to facilitate the process.The forum, which was held under the theme: ‘Promoting Youth Employability and Entrepreneurship through Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)’, was held to disseminate labour market information to a select group of participants to enable them to make informed career choices.The PIOJ staged the forum in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, the Labour Market Information Technical Advisory Committee (LMITAC); HEART Trust/NTA, and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). RelatedJMB Developing Housing Starts Database PIOJ Fully Supports Labour Market ReformJIS News | Presented by: PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQualityundefinedSpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreenPlay Photo: Michael ShawMembers of the Vauxhall High School Chorale in Kingston perform during the Planning Institute of Jamaica’s (PIOJ) recent staging of its fifth Labour Market Reform Forum, at the Jamaica Conference Centre, downtown Kingston, under the theme: ‘Promoting Youth Employability and Entrepreneurship through Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)’. The forum was held to disseminate labour market information to a select group of participants to enable them to make informed career choices.
Sen. Keith PerryA Senate panel has approved a measure that would allow qualified inmates to earn early release after serving 65% of their sentences, avoiding the current 85% mandate.The Appropriations Subcommittee on Criminal and Civil Justice voted 7-0 on April 8 to approve SB 1032 by Chair Keith Perry, R-Gainesville. A companion, HB 235 by Rep. Dianne Hart, D-Tampa, has yet to be heard.The measure would allow qualified prisoners to shave 10 days off each month of their sentences for good behavior and earn rehabilitation credits that would vary based on the date and severity of their offense.Perry said he was uncomfortable lifting the 85% mandate, but he noted that inmates who don’t participate in rehabilitation programs have a 50% recidivism rate.“And that means you and I will someday be a victim of crime,” he said. “The purpose of this bill is not to be soft on crime…the purpose of this bill is public safety.”The measure would also give corrections officers in dangerously understaffed prisons a powerful tool to control inmate behavior, Perry said.Under the bill, prisoners would have the ability to shave 60 days off of their sentences for completing each of a host of rehabilitation programs, including a high-school equivalency diploma, college degree, vocational certificate, or a drug and alcohol treatment program.The measure would also make ex-offenders eligible to apply for professional licenses two years after their convictions instead of the current five. The provision would apply to would-be barbers, cosmetologists, contractors, and others.According to a staff analysis, the measure could reduce the need for more than 8,000 prison beds and reduce prison costs by nearly $550 million over the next five years.Sen. Jason Pizzo, D-Miami and a former prosecutor, praised Perry for sponsoring a bill that is opposed by the Florida Sheriff’s Association and House Republican leaders.“Chair Perry, you’re a good dude,” Pizzo said. “This is not an easy bill.”Pizzo said he was concerned that if the measure ever became law, prosecutors would demand harsher sentences in plea negotiations. Regardless, Pizzo said he was a strong supporter.“It’s about public safety, not just about punishment,” he said.The Florida Campaign for Criminal Justice Reform is an ardent supporter. The coalition includes the Florida Public Defender Association, the Florida Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, the Florida Justice Association, the ACLU, the Catholic Church, and others.Several people who identified themselves as parents of inmates testified for the bill, one of them tearfully.A Panama City woman said the measure would allow her son, who is serving a 20-year sentence for a first-time offense, to be released in 2025 instead of 2028.“In one sense, I’m lucky, because my son will come home someday,” she said. “Do you want him to be better when he comes home, or worse?”Sen. Dennis Baxley, R-Ocala and a former Criminal Justice Committee chair when he served in the House, said he was willing to take a chance on rehabilitation.But he warned that lawmakers would undo the reforms if recidivism rates don’t fall.“Today is a day of redemption for me, I want to give them that chance,” he said. “The future of this, whether it works, is how they respond.” Apr 09, 2021 By Jim Ash Senior Editor Top Stories Gain time reform measure clears Senate panel
HomeBriefsSAN DIEGO – San Diego seeks to ban homeless in vehicles near beaches Mar. 27, 2019 at 4:15 amBriefsGovernmentHomelessnessNewsPoliticsSAN DIEGO – San Diego seeks to ban homeless in vehicles near beachesnews2 years agohomelessMayor Kevin Faulconersan diegoU.S. District Judge Anthony Battagliavan-lifers The mayor of San Diego is proposing a new law to ban the growing problem of homeless people living in vehicles near beaches.The move announced Monday follows numerous complaints about public urination, trash and illegal activity since an ordinance that had been in place was repealed in February following a federal judge’s ruling that it was too vague, The San Diego Union-Tribune reported.Mayor Kevin Faulconer said the city will double the number of so-called safe parking lots where people who live in vehicles can stay at night, and he will present the proposed law to the City Council’s Public Safety and Livable Neighborhoods Committee on April 17.“If you are living out of your vehicle because you have nowhere else to go, we want to help you,” Faulconer told a press conference.“At the same time, residents and businesses have a right to clean and safe neighborhoods,” he said.Last summer, U.S. District Judge Anthony Battaglia issued an injunction against the old law in response to a lawsuit filed on behalf of homeless people who live in vehicles because they don’t do well in regular shelters, the newspaper said.The judge said the law did not indicate specifically what turns a vehicle into a person’s home or “living quarters.”The City Council then repealed the law in February.Faulconer said the city attorney has been working on a new law that will be based on vehicle habitation ordinances in other cities. The goal is to hold people accountable for behavior that damages the city’s quality of life, not to criminalize homelessness, he said.Homeless advocate Michael McConnell called the proposal a “Band-Aid type response” and not long-term strategy.“I would support a new vehicle habitation law if the law respects that we have this raging crisis on our streets,” he said.In addition to the homeless problem, the mayor also noted there are visitors who sleep in their vans, “using our neighborhoods as a vacation spot, or as stopping points as they travel from city to city.”Brian White, president of a council that advocates for residents of the Pacific Beach area of San Diego, said that in addition to those “van-lifers,” people have begun to advertise campers parked near beaches.“It’s basically the camper van version of a short-term vacation rental,” he said.Associated PressTags :homelessMayor Kevin Faulconersan diegoU.S. District Judge Anthony Battagliavan-lifersshare on Facebookshare on Twitteradd a commentLOS ANGELES – Jury awards $9M to family of woman killed by policeWashington, D.C. – US Education Department investigating college bribery schemeYou Might Also LikeFeaturedNewsBobadilla rejects Santa Monica City Manager positionMatthew Hall8 hours agoBriefsLos Angeles Sheriff’s deputy accused of destroying evidence of 2019 assaultAssociated Press12 hours agoBriefsCalifornia State Treasurer Fiona Ma to Speak at Online Santa Monica College Commencement Ceremony June 25Guest Author12 hours agoNewsBruised but unbowed, meme stock investors are back for moreAssociated Press19 hours agoNewsWedding boom is on in the US as vendors scramble to keep upAssociated Press19 hours agoNewsCouncil picks new City ManagerBrennon Dixson19 hours ago
Gaius and Titius comment as follows: ‘When the man said This is sublime, he appeared to be making a remark about the waterfall … Actually … he was not making a remark about the waterfall, but a remark about his own feelings. What he was saying was really I have feelings associated in my mind with the word “Sublime,” or shortly, I have sublime feelings…. This confusion is continually present in language as we use it. We appear to be saying something very important about something: and actually we are only saying something about our own feelings.’4 Congratulations to Science Magazine for an Honest Portrayal of Darwin’s Descent of Man A Physician Describes How Behe Changed His MindLife’s Origin — A “Mystery” Made AccessibleCodes Are Not Products of PhysicsIxnay on the Ambriancay PlosionexhayDesign Triangulation: My Thanksgiving Gift to All Tomorrow, “The Education of Mark Studdock in That Hideous Strength.” This post is adapted from Chapter 11 of The Magician’s Twin: C. S. Lewis on Science, Scientism, and Society, edited by John G. West. See also: C. S. Lewis, The Abolition of Man; or, Reflections on education with special reference to the teaching of English in the upper forms of schools (New York: HarperOne, 2001). All references in the present essay are to this edition. The work consists of three unsectioned chapters, an appendix, and endnotes. The references will use the short form of the title (or, where appropriate, “Ibid.”), and will include the chapter number, followed by the page numbers of the HarperOne edition; e.g., The Abolition of Man, ch. 2, 49. The Abolition of Man first appeared in the form of a series of lectures at King’s College, Newcastle-upon-Tyne [now part of the University of Durham]. The lectures were delivered in February 1943 and published in book form late in that year.Lewis’s copy of this book is now housed at the Wade Center at Wheaton College.The Abolition of Man, ch. 1, 1.The Abolition of Man, ch. 1, 2–3.Lewis throughout the book seems to have in mind what the British call “public schools” (which in North America would be called “private schools”); such schools in Britain in his day were always (or almost always) “boys only” or “girls only”; Lewis has in mind such boys’ schools as he himself attended; hence it is only “boys” of which he writesThe Abolition of Man, ch. 1, 4.Ibid., ch. 1, 14–15.Ibid., ch. 1, 16.Ibid., ch. 1, 15–18.Ibid., ch. 1, 18.Ibid., ch. 1, 20–21.Ibid., ch. 1, 21–23.Ibid., ch. 1, 23.Ibid., ch. 1, p. 24.Ibid., ch. 1, 24–25.Ibid., ch. 1, 25.Ibid., ch. 1, 26.Ibid., ch. 2, 29.Ibid., n. 1 to ch. 2, 105–6.Ibid., ch. 2, 30.Ibid., ch. 2, 30–50.Ibid., ch. 3, 62.Ibid., ch. 3, 67.Ibid., ch. 3, 67.Ibid., ch. 3, 68.Ibid., ch. 3, 63.Ibid., ch. 3, 66.Ibid., ch. 3, 64.It is hard not to see in Lewis’s sketch of a future society the scathing portrait, first sketched by Nietzsche, of a world of “last men” ruled by an elite of “nihilists.” Indeed, Lewis’s conception of Frost (in That Hideous Strength) seems inspired by Nietzsche’s portrait of the nihilist. The Basis of Value Judgments Notes TagsAlec KingAristotleBritish schoolsC. S. LewisChristianitydebunkingEnglandEnglishFriedrich NietzscheGaiusHinduismliteratureMartin KetleyMen without ChestspedagogyphilosophyPlatopropagandaSaint AugustineSamuel Taylor ColeridgesublimeTaoThat Hideous StrengthThe Abolition of ManThe ConditionersThe Control of LanguageThe Green BookThomas TrahernethumosTitiusupper formsvaluesWheaton College,Trending The work opens with a discussion of “The Green Book,” Lewis’s pseudonym for The Control of Language (1939) by Alec King and Martin Ketley, a textbook intended for use in the senior grades of the British schools.2 Commenting that he did “not want to pillory two modest practising school-masters who were doing the best they knew,”3 Lewis suppresses the authors’ real names in favor of the pseudonyms “Gaius” and “Titius.” This insight brings Lewis to the argumentative climax of the chapter: Not Men at All Lewis’s critique of this statement occupies the rest of the first chapter. Early on in the critique, Lewis writes: “The schoolboy5 who reads this passage in The Green Book will believe two propositions: firstly, that all sentences containing a predicate of value are statements about the emotional state of the speaker; and secondly, that all such statements are unimportant.”6 Against these propositions (and related propositions offered by Gaius and Titius), Lewis urges: “Until quite modern times all teachers and even all men believed the universe to be such that certain emotional reactions on our part could be either congruous or incongruous to it — believed, in fact, that objects did not merely receive, but could merit, our approval or disapproval, our reverence or our contempt.”7 Jane Goodall Meets the God Hypothesis And what of the conditioned? They will not live under the Tao, but only under whatever substitute moral principles the Conditioners have instilled in them. Still, to the extent that such moral principles are internally consistent, might they not be said to participate in some dim way in humanity? They will have at least an “artificial conscience,” unlike their rulers and masters.27 Yet Lewis’s judgment upon them is clear: “They are not men at all: they are artefacts.”28 Thus, the civilization which shall have completely conquered nature (and in turn become completely enslaved by it), consists of rulers who, being beyond good and evil, are above (or at least outside) humanity, and subjects who are beneath it.29 There is thus a conflict between the Tao and the view advocated by The Green Book. This conflict necessarily produces two different views of education: The Conditioners Lewis zeroes in on the response by Gaius and Titius to a famous story about Coleridge at a waterfall, in which Coleridge endorses the judgment that the waterfall is “sublime”: Lewis grants that the authors of The Green Book do not endorse propaganda. This leaves them with the first alternative, i.e., to debunk every noble sentiment in sight, and to presume that is there is some biological or other natural basis for morality that does not require noble sentiments.13 However, in the rest of the chapter, Lewis goes on to show the hopelessness of such an assumption. He argues: Let us suppose for a moment that the harder virtues could really be theoretically justified with no appeal to objective value. It still remains true that no justification of virtue will enable a man to be virtuous. Without the aid of trained emotions the intellect is powerless against the animal organism…. In battle it is not syllogisms that will keep the reluctant nerves and muscles to their post in the third hour of the bombardment. The crudest sentimentalism (such as Gaius and Titius would wince at) about a flag or a country or a regiment will be of more use.14 The full title of Lewis’s book is The Abolition of Man; or, Reflections on education with special reference to the teaching of English in the upper forms of schools.1 From the second part of this title, one might infer that the book would be mainly of pedagogical interest, an essay on the goals and methods of English instruction in the senior grades (“upper forms”) of the British high schools. But the two titles are juxtaposed for a very good reason: Lewis sees, in the defects of the teaching of English literature in the British schools, signs of the decay of long-standing affirmations of the civilization of the West. His critique of English pedagogy will thus pass into a critique of the philosophy which dominates modern Western culture. Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share Hence the educational problem is wholly different according as you stand within or without the Tao. For those within, the task is to train in the pupil those responses which are in themselves appropriate, whether anyone is making them or not, and in making which the very nature of man consists. Those without, if they are logical, must regard all sentiments as equally non-rational, as mere mists between us and the real objects. As a result, they must either decide to remove all sentiments, as far as possible, from the pupil’s mind; or else encourage some sentiments for reasons that have nothing to do with their intrinsic ‘justness’ or ‘ordinacy’.11 These Conditioners may at first, out of habit, inconsistently rule under the sway of the old-fashioned morality, i.e., under the impression that as rulers they have some obligation of stewardship, some duty to promote the good of those ruled. Thus, there might be a period of the government of the many, by the few, for the many. But this state of affairs, Lewis points out, cannot last.22 At some point the Conditioners will fully realize that their sense of obligation was nothing more than the result of the social conditioning of previous societies, and will cast it off; after that, the only thing governing their behaviour will be their current whims. They will make the kind of human beings that they please, and condition them with drugs and education and propaganda as they please. With the last traditional moral restraint gone, the mastery of the human race over nature will turn into the mastery of the few over the many It will be government of the many, by the few, for the few. In the second chapter of The Abolition of Man, Lewis notes that, despite the ferocity with which the authors of The Greek Book debunk the basis of all judgments of value, they in fact are driven by such judgments themselves: “Gaius and Titius will be found to hold, with complete uncritical dogmatism, the whole system of values which happened to be in vogue among moderately educated young men of the professional classes during the period between the two wars.”18 “The Green Book” In such a situation, man himself will have been abolished. The Conditioners, Lewis says, will be neither good men nor bad men; they will not be men (in the true sense) at all. To be “men” in the old sense, they would have to be within the Tao (which determines what it is to be human, and what it is to deviate from the human), and thus to be capable of feeling the shame which comes with such deviation. But they are not within the Tao. They lack the middle part of the soul by which impulses are controlled in the name of something higher than impulse; they are, in Lewis’s image, “men without chests,” and hence, outside of humanity altogether.26 Having noted that Gaius and Titius are not, for all their debunking, “value-free,” Lewis wonders why it is that they think that their moral judgments, as opposed to those of more old-fashioned people, should be invulnerable to debunking. He suggests that they imagine that they provide a more “realistic” foundation for morality than the traditional, sentimental basis.20 However, Lewis is also determined to test the foundations of this allegedly more realistic morality, and by the end of chapter 2, he has shown that all the alleged non-sentimental arguments (e.g., utilitarian arguments) for Gaius and Titius’s particular set of moral values can be “seen through” or “debunked” just as surely as can the noble sentiments connected with the Tao.21 Culture & Ethics The Main Argument of The Abolition of ManCameron WybrowAugust 18, 2020, 6:43 AM Image: Screen shot from That Hideous Strength: C.S. Lewis’s Prophetic Warning against the Abuse of Science.Editor’s note: Published on August 16, 1945, C. S. Lewis’s That Hideous Strength is a dystopian novel that eerily reflects the realities of 2020. This week and next, to mark the book’s three-quarter century anniversary, Evolution News presents a series of essays, reflections, and videos about its themes and legacy. “A Summary of the Evidence for Intelligent Design”: The Study Guide Such, Lewis teaches, is the fate of the human race if it consistently abandons the authority of the Tao: a mastery over nature which puts man under the heel of nature to a greater extent than ever before; a global tyranny of the conditioners over the conditioned, and the abolition of man himself. And since the abandonment of the Tao is encouraged and justified by the kind of arguments against noble sentiments which the authors of The Green Book would make a standard part of public education, the abolition of man will be the ultimate outcome if the philosophy and pedagogy of The Green Book is allowed to stand. Augustine, Lewis tells us, “defines virtue as ordo amoris, the ordinate condition of the affections in which every object is accorded that… love which is appropriate to it.”8 The same notion, he argues, is found in Shelley, Traherne, Aristotle, Plato, early Hinduism, and ancient Chinese traditions.9 Summarizing this universal tradition, Lewis writes: “This conception in all its forms, Platonic, Aristotelian, Stoic, Christian, and Oriental alike, I shall henceforth refer to for brevity simply as ‘the Tao’…. It is the doctrine of objective value, the belief that certain attitudes are really true, and others really false, to the kind of thing the universe is and the kind of things we are.”10 Share We were told it all long ago by Plato. As the king governs by his executive, so Reason in man must rule the mere appetites by means of the ‘spirited element’. The head rules the belly through the chest — the seat, as Alanus tells us, of Magnanimity, of emotions organized by trained habit into stable sentiments. The Chest-Magnanimity-Sentiment — these are the indispensable liaison officers between cerebral man and visceral man. It may even be said that it is by this middle element that man is man; for by his intellect he is mere spirit and by his appetite mere animal.15 In this essay I venture to presume on the reader’s part a familiarity with the plot of That Hideous Strength. I therefore do not summarize the novel, but refer to it as if the reader knows the characters and can easily recall the main events in the story. However, I do not presume the same level of familiarity with the contents or argument of The Abolition of Man, and, as my purpose is to elucidate the connection between the two without constantly interrupting the flow of my discussion of That Hideous Strength with blocks of necessary information from The Abolition of Man, I have judged it helpful to the reader to first set forth a brief summary of the argument of The Abolition of Man. Those who are already very familiar with The Abolition of Man might choose to bypass this brief summary; on the other hand, those who have never read it, or who have not read it in a long time, or have read it but found it difficult, may find that the summary is exactly what they need to enable them to understand the argument of the rest of this essay. Lewis envisions a future society in which “man’s conquest of nature” is complete. Human beings have mastered external nature and can use it to produce food, shelter, medicine, and infinite creature comforts and entertainments at will. The survival and physical contentment of the race is thus guaranteed. But mastery over external nature will eventually involve mastery over biological and psychological nature, as the tools of science become more probing and powerful; thus, mankind will be able to remake, not only the external environment, but even itself. The human race will be able, for the first time, to define itself, to create its own future reality. This creates the paradoxical situation in which man is at once master and slave: master over the externalities of nature — heat, cold, hunger, sickness, etc. — but enslaved by the science which will control his own genetic constitution and his own emotional makeup through high-tech biological and psychological manipulation. And who will be in charge of that scientific manipulation? Requesting a (Partial) Retraction from Darrel Falk and BioLogos Lewis gives something of the content of that “system of values” in his note to the comment: Gaius and Titius disapprove of terms like “brave” and “gentleman,” and of the feeling of patriotism. But they approve of peace, cleanliness, democracy, and education.19 The suburban, middle-class values of comfort and security, rather than either heroic or aristocratic values, are what motivate them. The Tao In the light of his Platonic understanding, Lewis summarizes his criticism of Gaius and Titius thus: “The operation of The Green Book and its kind is to produce what may be called Men without Chests.”16 But without “chests,” i.e., without the middle part of the soul that Plato called thumos, neither creative energy nor self-sacrifice, neither enterprise nor virtue, is possible.17 Thus, in seeking to abolish thumos, the authors of The Green Book unwittingly seek to abolish man. This conclusion sets up Lewis’s third and final chapter. Having shown that the “debunking” spirit of The Green Book is inconsistent with the maintenance of any firmly held moral system or stable society, Lewis considers what might happen if teachers like Gaius and Titius were to abandon their inner inconsistency and reject the concept of value altogether. Lewis foresees a class of men called “the Conditioners.” The Conditioners, more consistent than Gaius and Titius, have “seen through” all attempts to ground behaviour in any ultimate truth about the way things are, and consequently have rejected the authority of the Tao or any fragments of it (such as the liberal, humanist fragments which still guide Gaius and Titius). The Tao-less Conditioners are charged with deciding what man is to be. They will choose the physical talents of future generations of human beings, and they will choose the set of emotions and valuations to implant in those future generations, in order to get them to behave in a desired way. But Lewis asks the question: What will guide the Conditioners in their choice of the “values” which future men will have? Developing the last point, Lewis argues that for teachers outside of the Tao, education can only be: (1) the rigorous “debunking” of all noble sentiments, with the consequent production of a moral vacuum; (2) propaganda, consisting of pseudo-moral principles which, though groundless, are deemed desirable for getting people to act in certain ways.12 What will control how the few will act? Will they act, as in Brave New World, with the goal of giving the many a life of comfortable convenience, spiced with erotic and drug-induced pleasures? Or will they act, as in 1984, with the goal of enslaving and crushing the human spirit? There is no way of predicting, since the Conditioners will act on the basis of their strongest current impulses. Those impulses are as likely to be bad as to be good. And where will those impulses come from? They cannot come from the Tao, which the conditioners have rejected as an artifice corresponding to no ultimate reality. They will then come from chance factors that affect the rulers, e.g., “heredity, digestion, the weather, and the association of ideas.”23 That is, they will come from unregulated Nature. The rulers, having repudiated the Tao, will let the previously subdued Nature back in, through the doorway of their own unguided wills. And since their wills are the ruling power over their civilization, their civilization, and all the human beings within it, will be ruled by the random impulses of nature — a massive irony for a civilization which started out in hopes of liberating itself by the conquest of nature.24 And this civilization, if technologically competent, will never be overthrown: “Nature will be troubled no more by the restive species that rose in revolt against her so many millions of years ago, will be vexed no longer by its chatter of truth and mercy and beauty and happiness… and if the eugenics are efficient enough there will be no second revolt, but all snug beneath the Conditioners, and the Conditioners beneath her, till the moon falls or the sun grows cold.”25 Origin of Life: Brian Miller Distills a Debate Between Dave Farina and James Tour Email Print Google+ Linkedin Twitter Share “The Education of Mark Studdock: A Sociologist Learns the Lessons of The Abolition of Man” Recommended Dr. Cameron Wybrow is a scholar, teacher, and writer with academic and popular publications on a variety of subjects. He has a particular interest in philosophical and theological critiques of modernity, and hence in the thought of C. S. Lewis.
Stay Connected with the Daily Roundup. Sign up for our newsletter and get the best of the Beacon delivered every day to your inbox. The Kalispell City Council got its first look at a designer’s vision for the proposed rail trail through the heart of the city.The council discussed the design report during its March 11 meeting after the Beacon went to print.Alta Planning and Design of Portland, Oregon completed the report, which looks at various options for a trail that will replace the former Great Northern Railway tracks through town. In 2015, the city won a federal grant to construct a new rail-served industrial park east of town so that the final two businesses downtown — CHS Kalispell’s grain elevator and Northwest Drywall — could move there and the rails could be ripped up.The proposed trail generally follows the railroad right-of-way, which the city hopes to purchase from BNSF Railway this year, from Meridian Road to the U.S. Highway 2 underpass in Evergreen. The design report splits the trail into three areas. The Granary District runs from Meridian to Fifth Avenue. The Downtown District goes from Fifth Avenue to Third Avenue, including the Kalispell Center Mall and U.S. Highway 93. And the Park District encompasses everything from Third Avenue to U.S. Highway 2, including the area along Woodland Park.The preliminary design calls for a 12-foot wide path along the old railroad right-of-way with trees and other design elements sprinkled throughout, including public art and interpretive signs. In the Park District, designers suggest building a water splash pad that can be turned into an ice rink in winter as well as putting an old train car on display.The report states that one of the most challenging areas of the trail will be the intersection with Highway 93, which is currently four lanes wide. City officials would like the road to be reduced to three lanes, but that plan does not have universal support. Some have suggested building a trail overpass across the highway, but the design report notes that it would be cost prohibitive.“Treatment of the trail crossing at Main Street will be a significant component of the overall success of the project,” the report states. “If safe and comfortable, the crossing has the potential to be a focal point joining the east and west portions of the trail. If accommodated poorly, it could limit overall use of the trail and hamper its utility as a transportation corridor.”City officials will review the report this week and offer feedback that will be incorporated in a final design in the next few months.The rail line through downtown Kalispell is still in use, but train service could end as early as this summer. Officials believe the rails could be removed in 2020 and trail construction could begin soon after.Click here to see the report. Email
Pocket International Open Design Competition Building Trust-HOME → Deadline: July 31, 2012Open to: non-profit, non-political organization, empowering women and girlsGrant: The budget amount requested from VGIF must not exceed $7,500 USD.DescriptionVGIF provides small grants for grassroots projects that empower women and girls in developing countries.What VGIF supports:Community developmentHealth and nutritional supportLiteracy and leadership trainingEducational seminars and workshopsWomen’s human rightsOrganizations that are governed and directed by women.VGIF does not consider requests for the following:Individual scholarships and tuitionPolitical organizationsReligious groups unless the proposed project contributes to the general good of the communityThe construction of permanent buildings or the purchase of landSalaries for board members and permanent staff but may include stipends/honoraria for external resource people/trainersIf your organization fulfills this profile, and you would like to apply for a grant for our 2013 funding cycle, here are the steps you will need to take once our process is open.EligibilityWe support women’s organizations based outside of the United States. The Letter of Intent must be submitted by a non-profit, non-political organization. The proposal addresses the empowerment of women and girls and will lead to action and sustainable change in the community. The proposal clearly reflects the participation of the community/target group in its development and design. The project addresses sustainability after VGIF funding with continued involvement in the larger community. Women are well represented in the leadership, staff and management of the organization and project. The organization can demonstrate its ability to manage resources and funding from external sources. The Letter of Intent provides reliable email addresses as well as phone numbers. The proposal must present a true budget with a clear explanation of all items.Other sponsors or potential funding for this project must be clearly identified. The timeline of activities is realistic and achievable and the project can begin upon the awarding of grants by VGIF in mid-May.GrantVGIF provides small grants for grassroots projects that empower women and girls in developing countries. The budget amount requested from VGIF must not exceed $7,500 USD. VGIF will consider inclusion of an amount, not to exceed 10% of the total grant, for administration of the project to the executing organization in the country where the project is located.ApplicationAll interested applicants must complete a Letter of Intent (LOI). VGIF does not accept unsolicited LOIs or full proposals. At that time you will have access to our Letter Of Intent by creating an account, then completing and submitting your LOI to us electronically.If your organization fulfills these criteria and you would like to begin the Letter Of Intent process you will need to complete the following 4 stages:Stage 1: Create a Log In Account – a valid e-mail address must be provided to create an account.Stage 2: Supply the required Personnel Information – once you have created a log-in account with VGIF you will need to complete and submit information about yourself and your organization. Once this stage is complete you will be directed to our Letter of Intent.Stage 3: Create and edit the Letter of Intent -The Letter of Intent can be completed immediately or you may start the Letter of Intent, save your work, and add additional information at a later time. There is no limit to how many times you can update your Letter of Intent before submitting it.Stage 4: Submit the Letter of IntentInformation requested in the LOI:– Organization and personnel Information– A brief description of the organization– A brief description of previous projects (if any)– A description of your project– The project budget– Prior funding from other sources– Qualifications of the project directorThe process will begin with the completion of VGIFs online Letter of Intent.After your Letter of Intent has been read and evaluated by VGIF, you may or may not be invited to submit a full proposal.Application accountThe deadline is July 31, 2012.For further information, please contact: [email protected]:The Virginia Gildersleeve International Fund, Inc.11 Broadway, Suite 510,New York, N.Y., U.S.A. 10004The Official Website MSIF Du Pré Grants 2021 for MS Researchers and Clinicians from LMICs ← International Relations and European Integration Scholarship Program(2012/2013)-Estonia Share 0 Reddit May 31, 2012 Published by ruzica VGIF Project Grant Application-Letter of Intent +1 Similar Stories Charity Entrepreneurship Incubation Program 2021 Tweet LinkedIn 0 TWAS Research Grants Program in Basic Sciences 2021 for Individual Scientists Leave a Reply Cancel ReplyYou must be logged in to post a comment.