Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter LinkedIn Pinterest Email Two-year-old children with larger oral vocabularies enter U.S. kindergarten classrooms better at reading and mathematics as well as better behaved, according to a team of researchers lead by Paul Morgan, associate professor of education policy studies, Penn State.Other research has found that children who are doing better academically in kindergarten are more likely to go to college, get married, own homes and live in higher-income households.“Our findings provide compelling evidence for oral vocabulary’s theorized importance as a multifaceted contributor to children’s early development,” Morgan said. Morgan, who worked with researchers at Penn State, the University of California, Irvine, and Columbia University, examined data from parental surveys reporting on the size of their children’s vocabularies at two years of age. The researchers found that vocabulary gaps between groups of U.S. children were already evident by this early time period. Females, those from more economically advantaged families, and those receiving higher quality parenting had larger oral vocabularies. Children born with low birth weight or who were being raised by mothers with health problems had smaller vocabularies.When Morgan and his colleagues looked at how the children were doing three years later in kindergarten, they found that children with larger vocabularies at two years of age were better readers, knew more about mathematics, were more attentive and task persistent, and were less likely to engage in acting out- or anxious-type behaviors. This was the case even after adjusting for the family’s economic resources, the children’s prior cognitive functioning and behavior, and many other factors.The research appears in the latest edition of Child Development and supports prior studies showing that vocabulary differences emerge very early during children’s development and help to explain later differences in how children are doing in school. The study’s findings underscore the importance of early intervention.“Our findings are also consistent with prior work suggesting that parents who are stressed, overburdened, less engaged and who experience less social support may talk, read, or otherwise interact with their children less frequently, resulting in their children acquiring smaller oral vocabularies,” Morgan explained.“Interventions may need to be targeted to two-year-olds being raised in disadvantaged home environments,” Morgan’s colleague George Farkas, professor of education at the University of California, Irvine, said, adding that home visitation programs that provide assistance to disadvantaged, first-time mothers before and after childbirth may help clarify the role parents play by connecting them to various social services and support systems.
Share Email Share on Facebook LinkedIn Share on Twitter When Esseily and her colleagues studied their data, they found that the children who laughed at the antics of the adults were able to repeat the action themselves more successfully than those who didn’t laugh, as well as those who were included in the ‘humorless’ control group.Why laughter seems to be related to the toddlers’ ability to learn isn’t entirely clear, but Esseily and her team put forward two possible explanations. The first relates to temperament. “In this case, it is not humor per se that may have facilitated learning,” the authors suggest, “but [that] temperamentally ‘smiley’ babies were more likely to engage with the environment and therefore to attempt and succeed at the task.” It could also be the case that ‘laughing babies’ might have higher social skills or cognitive capacities, allowing them to interact more easily with others and making them more amenable to mimicking the actions of others.The second explanation the authors put forward relates to brain chemistry. It is well known that positive emotions, like laughter or engaging well with an experimenter, can increase dopamine levels in the brain, which in turn has a positive effect on learning. “Thus, the effect observed here might be a general effect due to positive emotion and not to humor or laughter per se,” they note.More research needs to be done into the effect of humor on learning, of course, but parents about to embark on the un-funny business of toilet training might want to keep laughing – no matter what. Pinterest We all know that laughter is the best medicine, but a team of French scientists has discovered that using humor also appears to help toddlers learn new tasks, reports a new study in the journal Cognition and Emotion.Building on the knowledge that making older children laugh can enhance many aspects of cognition, Rana Esseily and her colleagues designed an experiment to see whether using humor could also have an effect on the ability of infants to learn.Each of the 18-month-olds selected to participate in the final part of the study observed an adult using a tool to grab an out-of-reach toy. In one group the adult simply played with the toy after retrieving it; but in the other group, the adult threw the toy immediately on the floor, which made half the children in that group laugh.
Flour-linked E coli outbreak sickens 17 in 8 statesFederal health officials and their state partners are investigating an Escherichia coli O126 outbreak linked to flour sold at Aldi stores in 11 states in the eastern part of the country. So far, 17 illnesses have been reported in eight states, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said in a May 24 outbreak announcement.A day earlier, Aldi and ADM Milling Co. recalled 5-pound bags of Bakers Corner All Purpose Flour, the US Food and Drug Adiministration (FDA) noted. The flour was processed at an ADM Milling facility in Buffalo, New York, and was distributed in the following states: Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and West Virginia.The CDC said illness-onset dates range from Dec 11, 2018, to Apr 18 and that health officials are using PulseNet, the national subtyping system, to identify illnesses that are part of the outbreak. Whole-genome sequencing on samples from sick people suggest the E coli strains are closely related, hinting at a common source of infection.Patient ages range from 7 to 86 years old, and three have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported. States reporting sick patients include New York (5), Ohio (5), Pennsylvania (2), California (1), Connecticut (1), Missouri (1), New Jersey (1), and Rhode Island (1).Of seven people who were interviewed, four reported eating, licking, or tasting raw homemade dough or batter. Two with detailed information reported eating raw food made with flour or baking mixes from Aldi.Investigators with the Rhode Island Department of Health collected records and flour samples from a bakery where a sick person ate raw dough, and the probe found that the bakery had used Bakers Corner flour from Aldi, and the team isolated the outbreak strain from an unopened bag of flour collected from the bakery. Genetic sequencing suggests that the strain in the flour is closely related to the E coli O126 strain found in sick people.May 24 CDC outbreak announcement May 23 FDA recall notice Acceptance of audit and feedback suggestions linked to better outcomesA single-center study conducted at a hospital in Canada has found positive benefits associated with exposure to prospective audit and feedback (PAF), Canadian researchers report in Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control.The retrospective matched cohort study analyzed patients who were assessed during the first year of the hospital’s PAF service, in which pharmacists with infectious disease experience review antimicrobial therapy in patients newly admitted to the hospitalist unit. While previous research has shown a reduction in antimicrobial use in the unit after the service was implemented, the researchers wanted to evaluate the impact on clinical outcomes. To do that, they compared 30-day hospital mortality, 30-day post-discharge mortality, and 30-day hospital re-admission rates in those patients compared with a control group of patients admitted prior to initiation of the PAF service.A total of 348 patients were assessed and received PAF suggestions during the first year of the service, and they were matched with 827 control patients. Of 707 PAF recommendations made, 66% were recorded as fully accepted and 15.8% as partially accepted; 23% of the recommendations were to stop antimicrobial therapy. Unadjusted analysis showed that the composite end point was significantly less likely to occur in the exposed (20.7%) versus the unexposed cohort (28.2%).In the adjusted analysis, patients in the exposed cohort were 29% less likely to be associated with the composite end point than the control patients (odds ratio [OR], 0.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.52 to 0.97). This observation persisted when only patients with PAF recommendations that were fully or partially accepted were considered (OR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.43 to 0.87), but not when patients with declined recommendations were analyzed (OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 0.66 to 2.40).”The positive findings from the current study support the use of PAF which will aid in encouraging hospitalist physicians to apply best practices for optimizing antimicrobial care in their outpatient settings and support outpatient AS [antimicrobial stewardship] systems,” the authors of the study write.May 24 Antimicrob Resist Infect Control study WHO: Flu on the rise in Southern HemisphereAcross most of the temperate zone of the Southern Hemisphere influenza detections are rising, according to the latest global flu update from the World Health Organization (WHO).Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa saw an increase in influenza A (H3N2) activity, while South America has seen mostly H1N1. Overall, Oceania and Australia reported more influenza-like illness (ILI) detections than this time last year, a trend also seen in some countries in South America.Flu activity continues to decrease throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere, including North America and most of Asia.Globally, 57% of all lab-confirmed flu specimens tested in recent weeks were typed as influenza A, and 43% as influenza B. Of the subtyped influenza A viruses, the WHO said, 30.9% were H1N1 and 69.1% H3N2. May 27 WHO update Uganda confirms yellow fever outbreak in 2 locationsUganda has confirmed a yellow fever outbreak in two districts—Koboko and Masaka—located in the northern and central regions of the country, according to a bulletin from the WHO’s African regional office.Officials identified two cases of yellow fever in March, when routine surveillance showed the virus in an 80-year-old woman and a 10-year-old girl, neither of whom had been vaccinated against yellow fever.Rapid response teams were sent to the villages of both patients and found an additional seven cases of yellow fever, and a “substantial population of unvaccinated individuals due to immigration and missing the yellow fever reactive vaccination campaign, which was conducted in 2016.”Uganda has not yet introduced the yellow fever vaccine into routine immunizations, and one of the cases in Koboko district is near the Ugandan–Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) border, where an Ebola outbreak is ongoing. Cross-border surveillance has been heightened, the WHO said. May 26 WHO African regional office bulletin Two vaccine-derived polio cases detected in Central African RepublicTwo cases of vaccine-derived polio were detected in the Central African Republic, Reuters reported today—the eleventh and twelfth cases reported in Africa in 2019.Despite this outbreak, Africa could be declared free of endemic polio as soon as 2020 if there are no more wild poliovirus detections. The declaration would come 3 years after Nigeria recorded its last wild poliovirus case.Vaccine-derived polio cases are caused by the oral polio vaccine (OPV), widely used because it is cheap and effective. OPV can be risky in places with poor sanitation and low immunity to polio, because vaccinated people can excrete the virus, exposing others via sewage and contaminated water.Nigeria, along with Afghanistan and Pakistan, is one of three remaining countries in the world with endemic wild poliovirus transmission. May 28 Reuters article
STATE News:SANTA FE – New Mexico state health officials have announced this afternoon 112 additional positive tests for COVID-19. Los Alamos County remains at 7 cases that have tested positive for COVID-19.Today’s update includes 8 additional deaths reported in New Mexico related to COVID-19.The New Mexico Department of Health reported today the most recent cases: 15 new cases in Bernalillo County3 new cases in Chaves County6 new cases in Cibola County4 new cases in Curry County10 new cases in Doña Ana County3 new cases in Hidalgo County3 new cases in Lea County3 new cases in Luna County22 new cases in McKinley County2 new cases in Otero County7 new cases in Rio Arriba County6 new cases in Sandoval County17 new cases in San Juan County4 new cases in Santa Fe County2 new cases in Valencia County5 new cases among individuals held by federal agencies at the Otero County Processing CenterThe 8 additional deaths in New Mexico reported today include:A female in her 80s from Cibola County. The individual had underlying conditions and was a resident of the Good Samaritan Society facility in Grants.A male in his 70s from Luna County. The individual was hospitalized and had no underlying conditions.A female in her 40s from McKinley County. The individual was hospitalized and had underlying conditions.A female in her 60s from McKinley County. A male in his 60s from McKinley County. The individual was hospitalized and had underlying conditions.A female in her 80s from McKinley County. The individual had underlying conditions and was a resident of the Red Rocks Care Center in Gallup.A male in his 60s in Otero County. The individual was hospitalized and had underlying conditions. The individual was a New Mexico Corrections Department inmate at the Otero County Prison Facility.A female in her 60s from San Juan County. The individual was hospitalized and had no underlying conditions.The number of deaths of New Mexico residents related to COVID-19 is now 464.Previously reported numbers included two cases that were determined to be out-of-state residents in Doña Ana County, two cases that have been identified as duplicates (one in Bernalillo County and one in Doña Ana County), and one case in Bernalillo County that was not lab confirmed – these have now been corrected. Including the above newly reported cases, New Mexico has now had a total of 10,260 positive tests for COVID-19:Bernalillo County: 1,777Catron County: 2Chaves County: 64Cibola County: 194Colfax County: 8Curry County: 101Doña Ana County: 692Eddy County: 49Grant County: 16Guadalupe County: 20Harding County: 1Hidalgo County: 26Lea County: 58Lincoln County: 7Los Alamos County: 7Luna County: 47McKinley County: 3,009Otero County: 32Quay County: 5Rio Arriba County: 73Roosevelt County: 54Sandoval County: 662San Juan County: 2,165San Miguel County: 18Santa Fe County: 188Sierra County: 5Socorro County: 55Taos County: 33Torrance County: 34Union County: 5Valencia County: 95County totals are subject to change upon further investigation and determination of residency of individuals positive for COVID-19.The Department of Health currently reports the following numbers of COVID-19 cases among individuals held by federal agencies at the following facilities:Cibola County Correctional Center: 2Luna County Detention Center: 1Otero County Prison Facility: 275Otero County Processing Center: 146Torrance County Detention Facility: 24The Department of Health currently reports the following numbers of COVID-19 cases among individuals held by the New Mexico Corrections Department at the following facilities:Central New Mexico Correctional Facility in Valencia County: 1Northwest New Mexico Correctional Center in Cibola County: 1Otero County Prison Facility: 307Penitentiary of New Mexico in Santa Fe County: 1As of today, there are 147 individuals hospitalized in New Mexico for COVID-19. This number may include individuals who tested positive for COVID-19 out of state but are currently hospitalized in New Mexico. This number does not include New Mexicans who tested positive for COVID-19 and may have been transferred to a hospital out of state.As of today, there are 4,512 COVID-19 cases designated as having recovered by the New Mexico Department of Health.The Department of Health has identified at least one positive COVID-19 case in residents and/or staff in the past 28 days at the following long-term care and acute care facilities:Advanced Health Care of Albuquerque in AlbuquerqueAlbuquerque Heights Healthcare and Rehabilitation Center in AlbuquerqueArtesia Healthcare and Rehabilitation in ArtesiaAvamere Rehab at Fiesta Park in AlbuquerqueBear Canyon Nursing and Rehab Center in AlbuquerqueBeeHive Homes of Farmington in FarmingtonBeeHive Homes of Gallup in GallupBelen Meadows in BelenBonney Family Home in GallupBrookdale Tramway Ridge in AlbuquerqueBrookdale Santa Fe in Santa FeCamino Healthcare in AlbuquerqueCamino Retirement Apartments in AlbuquerqueCasa De Oro Center in Las CrucesCasa Del Sol Center in Las CrucesCasa Maria Health Care Center in RoswellCedar Ridge Inn in FarmingtonCentral Desert Behavioral Health in AlbuquerqueClayton Nursing and Rehab in ClaytonDungarvin New Mexico, LLC in GallupGenesis Uptown Rehabilitation CenterGood Samaritan Society in GrantsHeartland Continuing Care Center in PortalesThe Jim Wood Home in HatchLaguna Rainbow Elderly Care in Casa BlancaLa Vida Llena in AlbuquerqueLegacy Santa Fe in Santa FeLife Care Center of Farmington in FarmingtonLittle Sisters of the Poor in GallupMcKinley Care Center in GallupMimbres Memorial Nursing Home in DemingMission Arch Center in RoswellMorningStar Assisted Living & Memory Care of Santa Fe in Santa FeNamaste House Assisted Living in FarmingtonPacifica Senior Living Center Santa Fe in Santa FePrime Care Assisted Living in AlbuquerquePrinceton Place in AlbuquerqueRed Rocks Care Center in GallupRetirement Ranches, Inc. in ClovisRobin House Assisted Living Center in AlbuquerqueSan Juan Center in FarmingtonSouth Valley Care Center in AlbuquerqueSpanish Trails Rehabilitation Suites in AlbuquerqueSundance Care Home in GallupTohatchi Area Opportunity Services (TAOS) in TohatchiThe Village at Alameda in AlbuquerqueThe Village at Northrise in Las CrucesWellbrook Transitional Rehabilitation Center in FarmingtonThe Department of Health has detected community spread in the state of New Mexico and is investigating cases with no known exposure. The agency reports that given the infectious nature of the virus it is likely other residents are infected but yet to be tested or confirmed positive. To that end, all New Mexicans have been instructed to stay home except for outings absolutely necessary for health, safety and welfare. These additional restrictions have been enacted to aggressively minimize person-to-person contact and ensure spread is mitigated. New Mexicans are strongly urged to limit travel to only what is necessary for health, safety and welfare.The New Mexico Department of Health has active investigations into the positive patients, which includes contact-tracing and swabs of symptomatic individuals who have had contact with the positive cases.Every New Mexican must work together to stem the spread of COVID-19. Get tested. Stay home, especially if you are sick. Wear a mask or face covering when in public and around others.New Mexicans who report symptoms of COVID-19 infection, such as fever, cough, shortness of breath, chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, and/or loss of taste or smell should call their health care provider or the NMDOH COVID-19 hotline immediately (1-855-600-3453).Thanks to increased statewide testing capacity, the following people may now be considered for COVID-19 testing: Asymptomatic people who are close contacts or household members of New Mexico residents who have already tested positive for the coronavirus;Asymptomatic residents in nursing homes;Asymptomatic people in congregate settings such as homeless shelters, group homes, detention centers;Asymptomatic people who are currently working; andSymptomatic people displaying the COVID-19 symptoms of cough, fever, shortness of breath, chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, and/or loss of taste or smell.New Mexicans who have non-health-related questions or concerns can also call 833-551-0518 or visit newmexico.gov, which is being updated regularly as a one-stop source for information for families, workers and others affected by and seeking more information about COVID-19.
Federal-Mogul Motorparts, a division of Federal-Mogul Holdings Corp., has announced the retirement of Robert Egan, senior vice president, sales and strategy, North America. Egan joined Federal-Mogul in 1979 and has held a series of executive positions of increasing responsibility during a period in which the company has become one of the largest and most respected suppliers to the global automotive aftermarket. His retirement will take effect Dec. 31.AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisement“Bob has played an instrumental role in the growth and transformation of our company over the past 36 years,” said Federal-Mogul Motorparts CEO Dan Ninivaggi. “His extensive knowledge of the aftermarket industry and commitment to customer success helped Federal-Mogul Motorparts forge strategic relationships with our channel partners, while providing exceptional value to the repair professionals and consumers who choose our products. I am grateful for Bob’s many contributions and proud to have worked alongside him.”After 12 years in sales management with Chrysler Corp., Egan became regional sales manager with Federal-Mogul. More recently, he was appointed vice president, customer relations, Global Aftermarket, in 2010, and senior vice president, sales and strategy, North America, in 2014.Egan is past chairman of the board of the Auto Care Association, a key industry association with more than 3,000 members across all channels, as well as a member of the board of trustees of the Aftermarket Foundation. He also has served as chairman of the Automotive Sales Council and Heavy Duty Manufacturers Association and Business Forum. In 2008, Egan was recognized as “Leader of the Year” by the Automotive Warehouse Distributors Association (AWDA).“I know that the AWDA award is especially meaningful to Bob, as it acknowledges his dedication to the needs of the business partners who help take our products to market each day,” said Ninivaggi. “He is the consummate professional and a true gentleman who has earned the trust and respect of hundreds of professionals spanning every level of the aftermarket. We thank Bob for his service and wish him and his wife, Sue, all the best in their retirement years.”AdvertisementA native of New York City, Egan received his bachelor’s degree in economics from Xavier University of Cincinnati (Ohio) in 1968, and a master’s of business administration from the University of Detroit in 1973. He served for two-and-a-half years in the U.S. Army as a 1st Lieutenant and Battery Commander of a Hawk missile unit based in Florida. He and his wife, Sue, were married in 1969 and have three children and nine grandchildren.
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CCCC Fourth Harbor Engineering Co., Ltd. has recently signed the construction project for the civil works of Huai River outward channel expansion project with the Huaian Transportation Bureau, with a contract value of some 196 million yuan and a construction period of 36 months.The civil works of the ship lock expansion project in Gaoliangjian involve the construction of the head and tail bays, lock chamber, navigation wall, breasting dolphin, approach channel revetment, anchorage, service bridge in the lock zone and loop highway bridge, as well as dyke reinforcement.The project is another lock project signed by the company in the area after undertaking Huaian third-line ship lock project.The ship lock is an integrated hub linking the Huai River, the Hongze Lake and north Jiangsu’s general irrigation canal as well as an important junction via which coal resources are shipped from Anhui and Henan to Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai.The expansion project will remove the bottleneck on the original ship lock, meet the need of water transport development in Jiangsu and boost the economic development of the Yangtze River Delta.[mappress]Press Release, August 5, 2013
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A DUAL-VOLTAGE gauge-convertible tilting trainset is to be developed by Adtranz and Talgo under an agreement signed on December 21. The President of Patentes Talgo signed the deal with Adtranz Executive Vice-President Heinz Cronimund within the framework of the two companies’ high speed trainset co-operation agreement reached in April 1998 (RG 6.98 p367). Talgo hopes to have the design sufficiently advanced to bid for tenders by the middle of this year.Adtranz will develop and build the 25 kV 50Hz/3 kV DC propulsion equipment, brakes and control systems, and Talgo will supply the power car bodyshells, gauge-convertible power bogies and the passenger cars. The trailer cars will be derived from Talgo’s Series 7 vehicles, with three-point suspensions and single wheelsets supporting each articulation. The two end power cars will each ride on a two-axle gauge-convertible power bogie and the single-axle articulation of the adjacent coach. Each power car will have water-cooled modular inverter packs using IGBT technology, with a continuous rating of 1500 kW per car. Top speed of the trainset will be 220 km/h, with 1·5m/s2 of uncompensated lateral acceleration in curves. The decentralised train control and communications network will use an optic fibre bus incorporating monitoring and fault diagnostics.